Chaired by Frédéric Grouiller, the CIBM Breakfast and Science Seminar #32 was held on March 28, 2023, featuring Damien Marie who gave a presentation entitled: Music against aging and mild cognitive impairment, results from two randomized controlled trials.
Music against aging and mild cognitive impairment, results from two randomized controlled trials
Research Staff Scientist and MRI Technician. CIBM MRI UNIGE Cognitive and Affective Neuroimaging Section.
Abstract: Aging is associated with brain atrophy and cognitive decline, impacting cognitive functioning and daily living, but cognitive training can boost or maintain cognitive and brain functions. Cognitive training interventions are mostly administered on a computer and in a lab setting. Yet, everyday life activities, like musical practice or physical exercise that are complex, variable, and motivating, might be more successful at inducing transfer effects to different cognitive domains. This talk will summarize the main results from two randomized controlled trials evaluating the longitudinal effects of such interventions based on MRI and psychometric testing (see protocol publications, James et al. 2020, 2023). Train the Brain with Music (TBM) study is an international collaboration between Geneva (UNIGE, EPFL) and Hanover conducted in 150 healthy older adults between 2018 and 2022, following a Lead Agency subside, comparing active musical practice (piano) with listening (musical culture intervention) over 1.5 years (1 year of intervention). Countervail cOgnitive impairment (COPE) is an ongoing pilot study evaluating the efficacy of musical practice (tongue drum) vs. psychomotor exercise over 6 months against mild cognitive impairment, a state between normal aging and dementia, with a minor age-related loss of cognitive that does not impact daily life functioning. We compare two groups of patients with a group of healthy older adults (16 per group). This collaboration follows an Alzheimer Schweiz funding and involves memory clinics from HUG, CHUV, researchers and therapists from UNIGE, Haute école de santé, Haute école de travail social and Haute école de musique de Genève.
- James CE et al. BMC Geriatr 20, 418 (2020). TBM study, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-01761-y
- James CE et al. BMC Geriatr 23, 76 (2023). COPE study, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-022-03678-0
About the Speaker: Damien Marie joined the CIBM MRI UNIGE Cognitive and Affective Neuroimaging Section in 2021 as Research Staff Scientist and MRI technician.. He holds a BSc in Biology, an MSc in Neuroscience and Health Imaging (University of Caen Normandy), and a Ph.D. in Neuroscience (University of Bordeaux).
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