Mentalizing and self-other distinction in visual perspective taking: the analysis of temporal neural processing using high-density EEG
AUTHORS: Rochas V, Montandon ML, Rodriguez C, Herrmann FR, Eytan A, Pegna AJ, Michel CM, Giannakopoulos P
Front Behav Neurosci, 17: , July 2023
This high-density EEG report dissects the neural processing in the visual perspective-taking using four experimental comparisons (Arrow, Avatar, and Self, Other). Early activation differences occurred between the Avatar and the Arrow condition in primary visual pathways concomitantly with alpha and beta phase locked responses predominant in the Avatar condition. In later time points, brain activation was stronger for the Avatar condition in paracentral lobule of frontal lobe. When taking the other’s perspective, there was an increased recruitment of generators in the occipital and temporal lobes and later on in mentalizing and salience networks bilaterally before spreading to right frontal lobe subdivisions. Microstate analysis further supported late recruitment of the medial frontal gyrus and precentral lobule in this condition. Other perspective for the Avatar only showed a strong beta response located first in left occipito-temporal and right parietal areas, and later on in frontal lobes. Our EEG data support distinct brain processes for the Avatar condition with an increased recruitment of brain generators that progresses from primary visual areas to the anterior brain. Taking the other’s perspective needs an early recruitment of neural processors in posterior areas involved in theory of mind with later involvement of additional frontal generators.