AUTHORS: Franceschiello B , Rumac S , Hilbert T , Nau M , Dziadosz M , Degano G , Roy CW , Gaglianese A , Petri G , Yerly J , Stuber M , Kober T , van Heeswijk RB , Murray MM , Fornari E

bioRxiv preprint, 23: 220, May 2023


Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a methodological cornerstone of neuroscience. Most studies measure blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal using echo-planar imaging (EPI), Cartesian sampling, and image reconstruction with a one-to-one correspondence between the number of acquired volumes and reconstructed images. However, EPI schemes are subject to trade-offs between spatial and temporal resolutions. We overcome these limitations by measuring BOLD with a gradient recalled echo (GRE) with 3D radial-spiral phyllotaxis trajectory at a high sampling rate (28.24ms) on standard 3T field strength. The framework enables the reconstruction of 3D signal time courses with whole-brain coverage at simultaneously higher spatial (1mm3) and temporal (up to 250ms) resolutions, as compared to optimized EPI schemes. Additionally, artifacts are corrected before image reconstruction; the desired temporal resolution is chosen after scanning and without assumptions
on the shape of the hemodynamic response. By showing activation in the calcarine sulcus of 20 participants performing an ON-OFF visual paradigm, we demonstrate the reliability of our method for cognitive neuroscience research.

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