Application of a new sensing principle for photoacoustic imaging of point absorbers
AUTHORS: Doğan Z, Jovanovic I, Blu T, Van De Ville D
Proceedings of SPIE, : 85813Z, March 2013
Photoacoustic tomography (PAT) is a hybrid imaging method, which combines ultrasonic and optical imaging modalities, in order to overcome their respective weaknesses and to combine their strengths. It is based on the reconstruction of optical absorption properties of the tissue from the measurements of a photoacoustically generated pressure field. Current methods consider laser excitation, under thermal and stress confinement assumptions, which leads to the generation of a propagating pressure field. Conventional reconstruction tech niques then recover the initial pressure field based on the boundary measurements by iterative reconstruction algorithms in time- or Fourier-domain. Here, we propose an application of a new sensing principle that allows for efficient and non-iterative reconstruction algorithm for imaging point absorbers in PAT. We consider a closed volume surrounded by a measurement surface in an acoustically homogeneous medium and we aim at recovering the positions and the amount of heat absorbed by these absorbers. We propose a two-step algorithm based on proper choice of so-called sensing functions. Specifically, in the first step, we extract the projected positions on the complex plane and the weights by a sensing function that is well-localized on the same plane. In the second step, we recover the remaining z-location by choosing a proper set of plane waves. We show that the proposed families of sensing functions are sufficient to recover the parameters of the unknown sources without any discretization of the domain. We extend the method for sources that have joint-sparsity; i.e., the absorbers have the same positions for different frequencies. We evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm using simulated and noisy sensor data and we demonstrate the improvement obtained by exploiting joint sparsity.